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Study Abroad : USA vs Canada

Yesterday we posted an article 6 Facts about International Students in Canada and compared with USA.

Today, you will get to know more about terminologies and immigration in detail that will help you understand the difference between USA and Canada.

Bottomline : Immigration system is old and outdated. It’s a struggle to deal with immigration issues in USA.

USA Canada
Higher Education Bachelor’s; Masters; PhD Bachelor’s; Masters; PhD
Direct PhD Yes Masters then PhD
Student Visa F-1 visa; J-1 Visa Canada Study Permit
Work Visa CPT; OPT; H1B Visa; Post-Graduation Work Permits
Permanent Residency EB1 – in 2 Years
EB2 – 5 to 10 YearsMy US Green Card will take  22 Years
ASAP if you graduated from Canada.
On-Campus Work Yes, upto 20 Hours Allowed
Off-Campus Work Not Allowed Upto 20 HoursOff Campus Work Permit
Internship Usually 1 or 2 semesters with CPT/OPT Yes. co-op or internship employmentno more than 50% program of study.
DependentWork Permit Not allowed Allowed to Work
Weather Huge country. Cold in Northern US. Colder than US

For both USA and Canada there are many rule and immigration laws associated with above comparison categories. Refer to CIS and USCIS website for more detailed information.

Post your questions about about comparison or about Canada Higher Education below.

45 Comments

  1. Ravi on July 25, 2014 at 5:41 AM

    Can you please give me an insight on the job opportunities after MS in Canada in Computer Science?

  2. prs on April 10, 2014 at 4:12 PM

    Very good comparison .

    I am thinking of a different scenario ,how abt studying masters in the US and unfortunately if we could not find a job in the US ,will it be possible to find a job in canada and then and get a PR ??

    Thanks

  3. Santosh on January 4, 2013 at 1:25 AM

    Hi

    I was considering pursuing a Phd at a university based out of Toronto, Canada. However, I have one major concern. Like in the US, is my spouse, who would come on some dependent visa, not allowed to work?

    Appreciate your kind response,

    Best regards
    Santosh

  4. dinesh on November 23, 2012 at 12:47 PM

    can anyone tell me the living expenses for a student living in Canada..because we find a very large number of websites for US but not for Canada and I guess only HSB can answer my question !!
    Also my GRE is 298 (quant-159, verbal-139 n AWA-3.0) with Undergrad agg of 68%(upto 3rd yr) with 8 backlogs..So can I get into good univs of Canada?

  5. Behruz on August 7, 2012 at 2:05 AM

    dear
    A next year I will finish high school and I need some advise to study whether in USA or
    in Canada. which one is the best place to live for teenagers.

    please write me soon

  6. shilpa rachkonda on July 19, 2012 at 10:11 AM

    i am pursuing my b.tech final yr…i wanna do my masters at abroad..i am in a dialemma whether to choose U.S or CANADA..could anyone please tell me which is the best country to do my masters in electrical field…

  7. Yash on March 11, 2012 at 6:06 AM

    Sir, I’m in the last year of diploma mechanical engineering.I’m doing diploma from gujarat. i’m thinking to go canada for my bechelor’s. Then I’ll go for MBA in canada. I want to study there and job in a very reputed company with a very good salary… I Really Need You Advise… please help me out of this. Do i go there? Is there any of my successful future in canada?

  8. Chaitas on August 16, 2011 at 3:47 PM

    I am in last year of engg. and thinking of abroad for masters so is it like that in Canada we cannot do Masters directly we would have to study again Bachelors then only we are eligible for masters??
    pls do reply…….Thnxx

    • junaid on August 23, 2011 at 9:01 AM

      masters is done after bachelors…so u dont have to study bachelors again

    • junaid on August 23, 2011 at 9:01 AM

      masters is done after bachelors…so u dont have to study bachelors again

  9. Arshdeep on August 15, 2011 at 12:51 PM

    I am a 3rd year student of b.tech in mechanical engg. I want to do my MS from Canada. Is it has a good future about permanent residency and jobs in related fields ?

  10. Arshdeep on August 15, 2011 at 12:51 PM

    I am a 3rd year student of b.tech in mechanical engg. I want to do my MS from Canada. Is it has a good future about permanent residency and jobs in related fields ?

  11. Ziyad Shak on August 14, 2011 at 1:49 PM

    What about the education system difference ??

    Like US universities have “Course Placement” or “Assessment test” or “Compass Test”

    When student arrives in USA they have Course placement test and according to performance they place the students in Appropriate courses like if student permforms really poor in Maths then they place student in 100 Level Maths. but what about Canada ? Do they have same educational system ??

    Please admin or anyone experienced here let me know which other countries have system like US. I need to know. Please anyone help me.

  12. Sangita Karki on August 13, 2011 at 8:31 AM

    Hello,

    I am from Nepal and studying Master in environment science specialization in Integrated Water management in Wageningen University, Netherlands. After completing this course I want to do my PHD from Canadian university. please , let me know in which university i can get scholarship or fellowship for my study and what is the scope of environment management in canada , is it possible to get job in this field for international student.

    thanks

  13. Aniket on August 11, 2011 at 11:36 PM

    sir,
    what is scope for an electrical engineer in CANADA??

  14. Sheajad on May 22, 2011 at 11:37 AM

    Hi HSB,

    20 hours per week? or month ? in U.S on campus and also about canada 20 hrs week? off campus .please reply me soon .

    Thank you

    Sheajad

    • susmitha on March 31, 2012 at 11:56 PM

      its 20 hours per week

  15. Tony on March 22, 2011 at 2:23 AM

    Hi HSB,

    I want to go for MS 2012 fall. I'll be appearing for GRE on June. Actually I am confused regarding whether Canada will be a better option or USA..??

    I am of Bangladesh origin..I completed my ICSE,ISC and Btech all from India. I was working in TCS when suddenly my work permit got cancelled.

    Indian government not issuing employment visa..I had to ressign and return to bangladesh. Here i am working in a small company and taking GRE

    preparation side by side. Considering that where ever i'll go USA or Canada(for MS) i'll stay there at least for the next 20 years since there are

    practically no options of IT in my country. Please suggest what should i do? I am tired of visa problems…it has affected my career a lot.

    Since In canada permanent settlement is easier and it will cost less money for MS. So i am actually confused where to go? Can you help me please.

    Also hows the IT job prospects in Canada? how much scholarships are provided? You write a lot of article on USA can you write some more on Canada.

    Please suggest what should be a good option for me.? and also if you can provide some info regarding canada visas? whether student visa is readily available?

    how to go for permanet citizenship..Please i need your help

    • susmitha on March 31, 2012 at 11:59 PM

      canadaa is good in ur case as it is comparitively easy to get visa for studying then u can get permanant residentship with in 1-3 yrs of work.After permanent resident u can work in US also very easily.

  16. sreekanth on December 16, 2010 at 1:58 AM

    hi i m sreekanth from chennai, i just wanna know the current scenario in software & networking field in canada, i am asking this question to every indian in canada, in that some say its bad, is it due to fall in economy (recession) ???

    and which field is best there???

    I heard oil and petroleum field is good, is that true???

    Advance thanx….

    It ll be helpful for me if you reply…

  17. vivek on November 9, 2010 at 7:54 PM

    hi, i wanted to know about the living expenses and basic fees in Canada and US universities also wanted to know about the programmes in maritime and naval or anything related to shipping. also pl. guide me about the job opportunities in the same.

    • Akune Sampson on May 8, 2012 at 5:01 AM

      I think the maritime industry is very good there as well as other jobs related to the offshore Oil and Gas industry.We can talk more because i will also like some advice from you.Which school is the best in Maritimje training in Canada?
      Infact just reply lets hook up the ideas.

  18. Aladegbola Adebusayo on August 27, 2010 at 8:08 PM

    I am interested in coming to U.S.A to complete my Ph.D programme in Educational Psychology .Could you pleas put me through?Thanks immeasurably

  19. Nitu on June 25, 2010 at 8:27 AM

    B.Tech's best destination???? Am doing my 12th now…. Wts the avg SAT score required to get into a good American/Canadian university???

  20. SHARMA on June 14, 2010 at 8:03 PM

    IS THERE ANY CHANCE TO DO DIRECT PHD AFTER B.E I CANADA. PLEASE GUIDE ME……………………………………….

  21. sree on May 19, 2010 at 7:41 PM

    which is better; Canada or US regarding job opportunities?

  22. VK on May 7, 2010 at 3:14 AM

    Hi HSB,
    good comparison between US and Canada study. Can you please provide information about education in Singapore and job opportunities. Also provide merits and demerits of studying in foreign universities to be set up in India with special reference to virginia tech university

  23. Dineshwar Singh on April 28, 2010 at 6:21 AM

    hi i m dinesh from chennai, i just wanna know the current scenario in software & networking field in canada, i am asking this question to every indian in canada, in that some say its bad, is it due to fall in economy (recession) ???

    and which field is best there???

    I heard oil and petroleum field is good, is that true???

    Advance thanx….

    It ll be helpful for me if you reply…

  24. sandeep on March 25, 2010 at 10:55 PM

    hi HSB

    plz help me out to decide USA vs GERMANY
    presently i b.tech final sem(CS)

  25. K.S. on March 22, 2010 at 3:43 AM

    Dear ,
    I have been working since last 7 year as faculty in electrical enginerring.I've done my M.E. & B.tech from India,right now I am placed in Oman.I would like to have my Phd( Electrical Engg)from Canada, can anybody guide me how I can start the proceedure.Is there any chance I can get admission in Phd and assistant ship or on- campus job offer from the starting.
    Thanks

  26. karimkhan on March 20, 2010 at 3:42 AM

    I am going to complete my B.Tech in IT next year , i want to go Canada for earning and MS ,
    to have admission in Reputed what score i need to have in GRE , am i Required both GRE and TOEFL ?
    according to you which state is batter ,i think about ontario ,
    can youm suggest some good universities and requirments for that??
    what more preparation i should do at this level?

  27. Tabigat on March 13, 2010 at 2:19 AM

    thanx a lot…

  28. Vikram on March 5, 2010 at 8:01 PM

    Hello HSB ! All the posts on your blog are totally informative and thank you for giving us such valuable information.I'm currently studying in BE Electronics.I'm planning to do my M.S. in electrical engg stream from US. Can you guide me about job opportunities for M.S.Degree holder(from US university) in Canada , particularly for my stream.

  29. Rohan on March 4, 2010 at 3:06 PM

    Anytime Canada no two ways about it!!!! You can come to USA on TN visa instead of h1b

    • HSB on March 4, 2010 at 3:30 PM

      TN Visa is available only to Citizens of Canada and Mexico.

  30. Naveen on March 4, 2010 at 12:42 PM

    What can i plan for? Usa r canada? which is betr in tutuion fee structure n getin a god job for a midlle class tudent?

    • HSB on March 4, 2010 at 8:58 AM

      Here is the thing – We give information to students, but we cannot decide their future. Decision making is something you have to do. Till now, not many of you have even though about Canada and Higher education. But, in last week or so there is strong interest among students about Canada, since we have published *few* posts about Canada.

      Now, you have some idea that you can use to gather additional information. We have said this "Don't let others decide your future. Find all the required information that you need, then decide for yourself".

  31. Naveen on March 4, 2010 at 12:39 PM

    So do u thonk canada is far beter than usa? what abt studies? Is cnada betr than usa in terms of education?

  32. Ganesh Gopal on March 4, 2010 at 11:47 AM

    I think Canada is better in the immigration sense, basically, after your graduation, for job and living.

    Just last month, USCIS agreed that it will take 35 years to get Green Card in US if filed under EB-3 India category. Unless there is a change in law, the life of immigrants is not going to improve.

    • Rohan on March 4, 2010 at 5:20 PM

      I totally agree!!!
      Anytime Canada is better than USA studies pr etc…What difference does it make Detroit is cold 2 vancouver and seattle have similar weather. You need to have a job offer and atleast 1 yr of work exp in professional managerial level internship co op exp does not count. Stay in Canada till you get citizenship and then come to usa

  33. Anirudha on March 4, 2010 at 8:57 AM

    20 hours off campus work is cool. If I study in canada then can I search a job in US?? And what are the chances of getting it in US??

    • HSB on March 4, 2010 at 10:56 AM

      You have to consider finding job in Canada. You can search for jobs in US, but you need H1B.

  34. Singh on March 3, 2010 at 9:30 AM

    I saw in your comparison that we can get Canadian PR as soon as we graduate from a Canadian University. Does it require us to have a job offer? And also is this same for all the states in Canada?

  35. lm10 on March 2, 2010 at 4:48 PM

    Hmm, so if we are planning to emigrate with the goal of working and living abroad, then Canada is a much better choice than the USA.

    • Padam on March 4, 2010 at 9:41 AM

      It looks like that now a days in terms of permanent residency but weather is colder than USA that is very tought when you feel cold and sometime cold is horrible and you can not come out from home because of snow and temp in negative.

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