I am a big fan of Happy School, I would like to thank you for  providing very valuable information. i have a doubt in counting the number of backlogs (I referred to lots of sites but finally got confused).

No of backlogs = No of attempts or No of Failed subjects.

Please send me a reply or post it. After referring a lot of sites I feel that maybe others could have the same doubt.

Backlogs refers to a failed exam in a semester. Its equivalent grade is “F” in the US Education system. Other terms used that refers to backlogs are

  • Arrears
  • KTs
  • F Grade

Correct answer to your question:

  • Number of Backlogs = Number of Failed Subjects.


  • Fail Grade in two subjects and took 3 attempts per subject to pass the exam. So, total backlogs will count as 2. Not 6.
  • Subject Failed 3 (Attempt 1 for Subject 1, Attempt 2 for Subject 2, Attempts 3 for Subject 3). Total Backlogs is still 3.

Listen to the following Episode for more details


  1. Aditya on March 4, 2020 at 11:18 AM

    iam currently in 8th sem and I received an offer letter from a Canadian university but I got a backlog in 7th sem which I will be clearing in june-july, so I wanted to know if this will affect my offer letter or my visa process?

  2. Dilip on September 12, 2019 at 5:39 AM

    How to count total backlogs ? It’s equal to number of attempts will be counted in backlogs ?

    • Raghuram Sukumar on September 12, 2019 at 11:11 AM

      Did you read this article?

  3. Abhishek Palkar on June 13, 2019 at 9:30 AM

    my us counsellor said if i had to attempt for a subjects for 3 times then there are 3 backlogs not 1 is it true?

  4. Sharath on March 19, 2019 at 10:54 AM

    Sir is it true ???…
    For canada number of attempts are equal to number of backlogs (in b.tech) whlie applying Universities for masters.

    • Vandan Raval on January 20, 2020 at 5:46 AM

      Did you get your answer?

  5. Govind Kashyap on November 18, 2018 at 7:15 AM

    For one full semester B Com exam (7 subjects) I didn’t appear for any subjects, as I had to take CPT exams, which fell on the same week. In the next semester I took both the Semester exams, and I have passed in First class in both semesters. The certificate is mentioning that I am absent for all the courses (ABSENT) and result mentions REAPPEAR. Now, is this considered a backlog? Please let me know. This is for Australian Universities.

    • Rahul on January 27, 2020 at 12:45 PM

      Same doubt.
      U have any idea abt this?

  6. Rajat gohil on July 2, 2018 at 6:46 AM

    I am pass in all subject but i fail in one subject in 4th semester and after 5 attmept i m dont clearing my one subject after 6yr in my diploma clearing period so what can i do if i fail in my last attmept .plz reply me

  7. rajkumar on August 13, 2017 at 9:12 AM

    if i failed subject in first attempt and cleared in st supplementary is this subject comes under backlog

  8. Abhijith on July 11, 2017 at 8:43 AM

    I have taken one subject and I take 2 times to pass one subject.and till the number of attempts

  9. Bibin patel on June 25, 2017 at 3:41 AM

    How to calculate backlogs?
    3rd sem 3 backlogs
    1st attempt m a 2 solved 1 left
    2nd attempt ma 1 left
    3rd attempt ma 1 left
    4th attempt ma 1 solve thy gayi
    How many backlogs i have
    Few say u hv 6
    Some say u hv 4 confusion

  10. PATEL KRUSHIL on February 18, 2017 at 9:47 AM

    I am fail in 1 subject I take 7 attempts how many do I have backlog 8 or just 1

  11. Cheery on February 5, 2017 at 9:25 AM

    i still not got how to calculate backlogs!!
    if i got failed in 1 subject and cleared it in 3 attempts then how many backlogs do i have???

    • REd on May 5, 2017 at 1:41 AM

      1 backlog.

  12. yesudass on January 2, 2017 at 2:19 PM

    i had 4 subject arrier claer the next sem but 1 sub was after sem so i was wrote 2times in one paper total how many backlog for me?

  13. sowmya on September 16, 2016 at 11:53 AM

    hi actually i have backlog 2012 mathematics paper 4 attempts over still how many attempts are there whether i have a chance to write exam now

    • raju on April 12, 2019 at 10:17 PM

      i also failed 2 times ed
      2nd sem
      how many chances i have left

  14. Keerthu on August 4, 2016 at 3:21 PM

    I had an arrear in my first semester. I cleared it in my final semester. May I know the number of backlogs?

  15. siva on October 26, 2015 at 11:01 AM

    hey admin!!

    so does backlog means number of backs you have uncleared till date or number of backs you had whether you cleared it or not??

    *Backs means subject you failed in!!

    • Raghuram Sukumar on October 28, 2015 at 9:24 AM

      Total number of failed subjects including passed or failed. (not attempts).

      • Sohail Ilyas on September 27, 2016 at 1:08 PM

        If you absent in Exams will it count backlog?
        In Memo its mentioned ABS—- Resukt —-F

        What’s your answer sir?

  16. umesh on September 20, 2015 at 9:19 AM

    i had a arrear in 4th sem. But i cleared it now. I have applied for one one. Ther are asking the people who have not back log papers. Please help me whether i am eligible or not

  17. uma on May 8, 2015 at 2:08 AM

    I cleared my m2 exam in 6th sem .will i get first class?

  18. Irfan on July 4, 2012 at 4:01 AM


    I have completed my MCA.
    I failed in 2 subjects, one in 3rd semester and one in 4th semester but i have completed in next successive attempt.
    So as i have cleared all my subjects and got first class with distinction in my provisional certification.
    so does this mean i have backlog.
    Please clarify my doubt as i have to attend in interview and they are asking for no backlogs.

  19. fathima on May 11, 2012 at 12:03 PM

    I’m a passed out student bacth2008-2011 ..but i have arrear ,but my doubt is can i clear tat paper in supplementary exam 2012….

  20. venkat on September 26, 2011 at 4:06 AM


    I have failed in 3 subjects in regular exam and i have passed in my 2 subjects in supplementary.Is that they consider for 4 backlogs with supplementary.

  21. Adam on July 23, 2011 at 5:34 AM

    What about absent ? Is absent considered as a backlog ?

    • Rahul on January 27, 2020 at 12:47 PM

      Same doubt

  22. khej on July 18, 2011 at 2:24 PM

    Thank you so much Admin for the post..

  23. Varun Joshi on January 27, 2011 at 1:40 PM

    HSB are you sure about this…it’s cause i have enquired the same from an Infosys HR personell, and he told me if at the time of appointment/admission you should not have any subjects left uncleared…

    well, what you said is the case, then tell me, isnt this really outrageous, that i was down with chickenpox during my 1st sem exams and had to miss 3 of the theory and all the practicals, after that sem ive cleared all with a good percentage… now why should those be considered backlogs, even when i had nothing to do with it!!

    • Sheajad on July 28, 2011 at 7:16 AM

      I think backlog means which u failed .not absent .U can say I doesnt have backlog .but I was absent so I have appeared later on to clear .
      U can frame this true sentence in more positive way .

      • Sheajad on July 28, 2011 at 7:42 AM

        For visa interview one can say I had so and so backlogs ,but i had cleared all of them or i had cleared with good score ,or there are many other convinciable answer that u can say .

        One of my cousin was asked by VO that ‘u have less toefl score (around 78/120)’,she replied but I have good academic score ‘ and she got visa .

        Similarly , there are many thing which u are good in that .u can focus on that and say to visa officer or can convince to VO.

  24. pankaj on January 27, 2011 at 9:04 AM

    hello HSB,

    Sir, I have one important question…and please do reply to it.

    in my univ, M.D.U. rohtak, they don't mention about backlogs. I mean one you clear ur semester, you can calculate the no of backlogs just by checking out the transcript, though I have 9 backlogs till sem 5th. but it is not mentioned in my trancripts(no F's no *'s) so how do US univs find it????

    please reply.

    I am in great confusion about it.

    • Sheajad on July 28, 2011 at 7:20 AM

      They can find by date of examination, marks ,result etc.

      • Sheajad on July 28, 2011 at 7:30 AM

        if anyone reappear for exam ,then he or she will get new result and in this new result new (exam appeared ) date is mentioned.

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